64. Samoylova, N.A.; Avdoshenko, S.M.; Krylov, D.S.; Thompson, H.R.; Kirkhorn, A.C.; Rosenkranz, M.; Schiemenz, S.; Ziegs, F.;
Wolter, A.U.B.; Yang, S.; Stevenson, S.; Popov, A.A. “Confining the spin between two metal atoms within the carbon cage: Redox-
active metal-metal bonds in dimetallofullerenes and their stable cation radicals,”
Nanoscale accepted and online,
DOI: 10.1039/C7NR02288C (
2017)

63. Thompson, H.R.; Masri, H.C.; Stevenson, S.  “Aminopropanol – Xylene to Chemically Purify Gd3N@C88 Metallofullerene,”
Inorganica Chimica Acta accepted and online,  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ica.2017.04.020 (2017)

62. Cerón, M.R.; Maffeis, V.; Stevenson, S.; Echegoyen, L. “Endohedral fullerenes: Synthesis, isolation, mono- and bis-
functionalization,”
Inorganica Chimica Acta accepted and online, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ica.2017.03.040  (2017)

61.  Stevenson, S.; Arvola, K.D.; Fahim, M.; Martin, B.R., Ghiassi, K.B.; Olmstead, M.M.; Balch, A.L. “Isolation and Crystallographic
Characterization of Gd3N@D2(35)-C88 through Non-Chromatographic Methods,”
Inorganic Chemistry, 55, 62-67 (2016)

60.  Cerón, M.R.; Izquierdo, M.; Garcia-Borràs, M.; Lee, S.S., Stevenson, S., Osuna, S.; Echegoyen, L. “Bis-1,3-Dipolar
Cycloadditions on Endohedral Fullerenes M3N@Ih-C80 (M = Sc, Lu): Remarkable Endohedral-Cluster Regiochemical Control,”
Journal of the American Chemical Society, 137, 11775-11782 (2015)

59.  Stevenson, S.; Thompson, H.R.; Arvola, K.D. ; Ghiassi, K.B.; Olmstead, M.M.; Balch A.L. “Isolation of CeLu2N@Ih-C80 Though
a Non-Chromatographic, Two-Step Chemical Process and Crystallographic Characterization of the Pyramidalized CeLu2N within
the Icosahedral Cage,”  Chemistry - European Journal, 21, 10362 – 10368 (
2015)

58.  Stevenson, S.; Rottinger, K.A; Fahim, M.; Field, J.S.; Martin, B.R.; Arvola, K.D. “Tuning the Selectivity of Gd3N Cluster
Endohedral Metallofullerene Reactions with Lewis Acids,”
Inorganic Chemistry, 53, 12939−12946  (2014)

57.  Stevenson, S.; Rottinger, K.A.; Field J.S., “Fractionation of Rare-Earth Metallofullerenes via Reversible Uptake and Release
from Reactive Silica,”
Dalton Transactions, 43, 7435 - 7441 (2014)

56.  Stevenson, S.; Rose, C.B.; Robson, A.A.; Heaps, D.T.; Buchanan, J.P. “Effect of Water and Solvent Selection on SAFA
Purification Times for Metallic Nitride Fullerenes”
Fullerenes, Nanotubes, and Carbon Nanostructures, 22, 182-189 (2014)

55.  Stevenson, S. and Rottinger, K. “CuCl2 for the Isolation of a Broad Array of Endohedral Fullerenes Containing Metallic,
Metallic Carbide, Metallic Nitride, and Metallic Oxide Clusters, and Separation of Their Structural Isomers,”
Inorganic Chemistry,
52, 9606-9612 (
2013)

54. Zhang, J.; Stevenson S.; Dorn, H.C. "Trimetallic Nitride Template Endohedral Metallofullerenes: Discovery, Structural
Characterization, Reactivity and Applications,"
Accounts of Chemical Research, 46, 1548-1557 (2013)

53. Rivera-Nazario, D.M., Pinzon, J.R., Stevenson, S., Echegoyen, L.A., “Buckyball Maracas: Exploring the Inside and Outside
Properties of Endohedral Fullerenes,
Journal of Physical Organic Chemistry, 26, 194-205  (2013)

52. Popov, A.A., Chen, N.; Pinzon, J.R., Stevenson, S., Echegoyen, L.A., Dunsch, L., “A Redox-Active Scandium-oxide Cluster
Inside a Fullerene Cage: Spectroscopic, Voltammetric, ESR Spectroelectrochemical and Extended DFT Study of Sc4O2@C80
and Its Ion-Radicals,”
Journal of the American Chemical Society 134, 19607-19618 (2012)

51. Stevenson, S., Mackey, M.A., Rose, C.B., Maslenikova, J.S., Villarreal, J.R., Mercado, B.Q., Chen, K., Olmstead, M.M., Balch, A.
L., “Selective Synthesis, Isolation and Crystallographic Characterization of LaSc2N@Ih-C80,
Inorganic Chemistry, 51, 13096-
13102 (
2012)

50. Ling, Y; Stevenson, S.; Zhang, Y. “Metallic Nitride Azafullerenes; A Novel Class of Fullerenes With Interesting Electronic
Properties”
Chemical Physics Letters, 508, 121-124 (2011)

49. Mercado, B.Q.; Chen, N.; Rodriguez-Fortea, A.; Mackey, M.A.; Stevenson, S.; Echegoyen, L.; Poblet, J.M.; Olmstead, M.M.;
Balch, A.L. “The Shape of the Sc2(μ2-S) Unit Trapped in C82: Crystallographic, Computational and Electrochemical Studies of
the Isomers, Sc2(μ2-S)@Cs(6)-C82 and Sc2(μ2-S)@C3v(8)-C82”
Journal of the American Chemical Society, 133, 6752-6760
(
2011)

48. Shustova, N.B.; Peryshkov, D.V.; Kuvychko, I.V.; Chen, Y.-S.; Mackey, M.A.; Coumbe, C.E.; Heaps, D.T.; Confait, B.S.; Heine, J.;
Phillips, J.P.; Stevenson, S.; Dunsch, L.; Popov, A.A.; Strauss, S.H.; Boltalina, O.V. “Poly(perfluoroalkylation) of Metallic Nitride
Fullerenes Reveals Addition-Pattern Guidelines: Synthesis and Characterization of a Family of Sc3N@C80(CF3)n (n = 2-16) and
Their Radical Anions”
Journal of the American Chemical Society, 133, 2672-2690 (2011)

47.  Mercado, B.; Stuart, M. A.; Mackey, M. A.; Pickens, J. E.; Confait, B. S.; Stevenson, S.; Easterling, M. L.; Valencia, R.; Rodriguez-
Fortea, A.; Poblet, J. M.; Olmstead, M. M.; Balch, A. L. “Sc2O Trapped in a Fullerene Cage:  The Isolation and Structural
Characterization of Sc2O@Cs(6)-C82”
Journal of the American Chemical Society,132, 12098-12105 (2010)

46.  Popov, A.A.; Shustova, N.B.; Svitova, A.L.; Mackey, M.A.; Coumbe, C.E.; Phillips, J.P.; Stevenson, S.; Strauss, S.H.; Boltalina, O.
V.; Dunsch, L., “Redox-Tuning Endohedral Fullerene Spin States: From the Dication to the Trianion Radical of Sc3N@C80 (CF3)2
in Five Reversible Single-Electron Steps”
Chemistry – European Journal, 16, 4721-4724 (2010)

45.  Mercado, B.Q.; Olmstead, M.M.; Beavers, C.M.; Easterling, M.L.; Stevenson, S.; Mackey, M.A.; Coumbe, C.E.; Phillips, J.D.;
Phillips, J.P.; Poblet, J.M.; Balch, A.L.
Chemical Communications, 46, 279-281 (2010)

44.  Stevenson, S.; Coumbe, C.E.; Mackey, M.A.; Confait, B.S.; Phillips, J.P.; Dorn, H.C; Ling, Y.; Zhang, Y. “Preferential
Encapsulation and Stability of La3N Cluster in 80 Atom Cages: Experimental Synthesis and Computational Investigation of
La3N@C79N,”
Journal of the American Chemical Society, 131, 17780-17782 (2009)

43.  Stevenson, S.; Mackey, M. A.; Pickens, J.E.; Stuart, M.A.; Confait, B.S.; Phillips, J.P., “Selective Complexation and Reactivity of
Metallic Nitrde and OxoMetalllic Fullerenes with Lewis Acids and Use as an Effective Purification Method,”
Inorganic Chemistry,
48, 11685-11690 (
2009)

42.  Shustova, N.B.;  Chen, Y.-S.; Mackey, M.A.; Coumbe, C.E.; Phillips, J.P.; Stevenson, S.; Popov, A.A.; Boltalina, O. V.; Strauss, S.
H., “Sc3N@(C80-Ih(7))(CF3)14 and Sc3N@C80-Ih(7))(CF3)16.  Endohedral Metallofullerene Derivatives with Exohedral Addends
on Four and Eight Triple-Hexagon Junctions.  Does the Sc3N Cluster Control the Addition Pattern or Vice Versa?”
Journal of the
American Chemical Society
, 131, 17630-17637 (2009)

41.  Valencia, R.; Rodriguez-Fortea, A.; Stevenson, S.; Balch, A.L. Poblet, J.M. “Electronic Structures of Scandium Oxide
Endohedral Metallofullerenes, Sc4(µ3-O)n@Ih-C80 (n=2, 3)”
Inorganic Chemistry,  48, 5957-5961 (2009)

40.  McCluskey, D.M.; Smith, T.N.; Madasu, P.K; Coumbe, C.E.; Mackey, M. A.; Fulmer, P.A.; Wynne, J.H.; Stevenson, S; Phillips, J.
P., “Evidence for Singlet Oxygen Generation and Biocidal Activity In Photo-Responsive Metallic Nitride Fullerene-Polymer
Adhesive Films,”
ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces, 1, 882-887 (2009)

39.  Stevenson, S.; Mackey, M.A.; Stuart, M.A.; Phillips, J.P.; Easterling, M.L.; Chancellor, C.J.; Olmstead, M.M.; Balch, A.L., "A
Distorted Tetrahedral Metal Oxide Cluster inside an Icosahedral Carbon Cage.  Synthesis, Isolation, and Structural
Characterization of Sc4(mu3-O)2@Ih-C80,"
Journal of the Amercian Chemical Society, 130, 11844-11845 (2008)

38.  Phillips, J.P.; Mackey, N.M.; Confait, B.S.; Heaps, D.T.; Deng, X.; Todd, M.L.; Stevenson, S.; Zhou, H.; Hoyle, C.E., "Dispersion
of Gold nanoparticles in UV-Cured, Thiol-Ene Films by Precomplexation of Gold-Thiol,"
Chemistry of Materials, 20, 5240-5245
(
2008)

37.  Stevenson, S.; Coumbe, C.E.; Thompson, M.C.; Coumbe, H.L.; Phillips, J.P.; Buckley J.L., and Wynne J.L., "Conversion of
Nanomaterial Waste Soot to Recycled Sc2O3 Feedstock for the Synthesis of Metallic Nitride Fullerenes,"
Industrial and
Engineering Chemistry Research
, 47, 2096-2099  (2008)

36.  Stevenson, S., Chancellor, C.J., Lee, H.M., Olmstead, M.M., Balch, A.L., “Internal and External Factors in the Structural
Organization in Cocrystals of the Mixed-Metal Endohedrals -GdSc2N@C-Ih80, Gd2ScN@C-Ih80, and TbSc2N@C-Ih80 – and
Nickel(II)octaethylporphyrin,”
Inorganic Chemistry, 47,1420-1427 (2008)

35.  Phillips, J.P.; Deng, X.; Todd, M.; Stevenson, S.; Zhou, H.; Hoyle, C.E., “Singlet oxygen generation and adhesive loss in stimuli-
responsive, fullerene-polymer blends, containing polystyrene-block-polybutadiene-block-polystyrene and polystyrene-block-
polyisoprene-block-polystyrene rubber-based adhesives,”
Journal of Applied Polymer Science, 109, 2895-2904 (2008)

34.  Wynne, J.H.; Buckley, J.L.; Coumbe, C.E.; Phillips, J.P.; Stevenson, S., “Reducing Hazardous Material and Environmental
Impact through Recycling of Scandium Nanomaterial Waste,”
Journal of Environmental  Health and Science, Part B, 43, 357-360
(
2008)

33.  Plonska-Brzezinska, M.E.; Athans, A.J.; Phillips, J.P.; Stevenson, S.; Echegoyen, L., “A reinvestigation of the electrochemical
behavior of Sc3N@C80,”
Journal of Electroanalytical Chemistry, 614, 171-174 (2008)

32.  Stevenson, S., Thompson, M.C., Coumbe, H.L., Mackey, M.A., Coumbe, C.E., Phillips, J.P., “Chemically Adjusting Plasma
Temperature, Energy and Reactivity (CAPTEAR) Method Using NOx and Combustion for Selective Synthesis of Sc3N@C80
Metallic Nitride Fullerenes,”
Journal of the American Chemical Society, 129, 16257-16252 (2007)

31.  Stevenson, S.; Mackey, M. A.; Thompson, M.C.; Coumbe, H.L.;  Madasu, P.K.; Coumbe, C.E.; Phillips, J.P., “Effect of Copper
Metal on the Yield of Sc3N@C80 Metallofullerenes,”
Chemical Communications, 4263-4265 (2007)

30.  Shustova, N.B.; Popov, A.A.; Mackey, M.A.; Coumbe, C.E.; Phillips, J.P.; Stevenson, S.; Strauss, S.H.; Boltalina, O.V., “Radical
Trifluoromethylation of Sc3N@C80,”
Journal of the American Chemical Society, 129, 11676-11677 (2007)

29.  Phillips, J.P.; Deng, X.; Stephen, R.R.; Fortenberry, E.; Todd, M.; McClusky, D.M.; Stevenson, S.; Misra, R.; Morgan, S.; Long, T.,
“Nano- and bulk-tack adhesive properties of stimuli-responsive, fullerene-polymer blends, containing polystyrene-block-
polybutadiene-block-polystyrene and polystyrene-block-polyisoprene-block-polystyrene rubber-based adhesives,”
Polymer, 48
(23), 6773-6781 (
2007)

28.  Stevenson, S.; Mackey, M.A.; Coumbe, C.E.; Phillips, J.P.; Elliott, B., and Echegoyen, L., “Rapid Removal of D5h Isomer Using
the "Stir and Filter Approach" and Isolation of Large Quantities of Isomerically Pure Sc3N@C80 Metallic Nitride Fullerenes,”
Journal of the American Chemical Society, 129, 6072-6073 (2007).

27.  Stevenson, S.; Harich, K.; Yu, H.; Stephen, R.R.; Heaps, D.; Coumbe, C.; Phillips, J.P., “Nonchromatographic "Stir and Filter
Approach" (SAFA) for Isolating Sc3N@C80 Metallofullerenes”,
Journal of the American Chemical Society, 128, 8829-8835 (2006).

26.  Stevenson, S.; Stephen, R.R.; Amos, T.M.; Cadorette, V.R.; Reid, J.E.; Phillips, J.P. “Synthesis and Purification of a Metallic
Nitride Fullerene BisAdduct:  Exploring the Reactivity of Gd3N@C80”,
Journal of the American Chemical Society, 127, 12776-
12777 (
2005).

25.  Stevenson S., Phillips J.P., Reid J.E., Olmstead M.M., Pham D., and Balch A.L., “Pyramidalization of Gd3N inside a C80
Cage:  The Synthesis and Structure of Gd3N@C80,”
Chemical Communications, 2814-2815 (2004).

24.  Olmstead M.M., Lee H.M., Duchamp J.C., Stevenson S., Marciu D, Dorn H.C., Balch A.L., “Sc3N@C68: Folded Pentalene
Coordination in an Endohedral Fullerene that Does Not Obey the Isolated Pentagon Rule”
Angewandte Chemie 42 (8): 900
(
2003).

23.  Olmstead M.M., Lee H.M., Stevenson S., Dorn H.C., Balch A.L., “Crystallographic Characterization of Isomer 2 of Er2@C82
and comparison with Isomer 1 of Er2@C82”,
Chemical Communications (22): 2688-2689 (2002).                               

22.  Stevenson S., Lee H.M., Olmstead M.M., Kozikowski C., Stevenson P., Balch A.L., “Preparation and Crystallographic
Characterization of a New Endohedral, Lu3N@C80 ∙ 5 Xylene and Comparison With Sc3N@C80 ∙ 5 Xylene,”
Chemistry – a
European Journal
8 (19): 4528-4535 (2002).

21.  Olmstead M.M., de Bettencourt-Dias A., Stevenson S., Dorn H.C., Balch A.L., “Crystallographic Characterization of the
Structure of the Endohedral Fullerene Er2@C82 Isomer I With Cs Cage Symmetry and Multiple Sites for Erbium Along a Band of
Ten Contiguous Hexagons,”
Journal of the American Chemical Society 124 (16): 4172-4173 (2002).

20.  Ioffe I.N., Ievlev A.S., Boltalina O.V., Sidorov L.N., Dorn H.C., Stevenson S., Rice G., “Electron Affinity of Some Trimetallic Nitride
and Conventional Metallofullerenes,”
International Journal of Mass Spectrometry 213 (2-3): 183-189 (2002).

19.  Macfarlane R.M., Bethune D.S., Stevenson S., Dorn H.C., “Fluorescence Spectroscopy and Emission Lifetimes of Er3+ in
ErxSc3-xN@C80 (x=1-3),”
Chemical Physics Letters 343 (3-4): 229-234 (2001).

18.  Olmstead M.H., de Bettencourt-Dias A., Duchamp J.C., Stevenson S., Marciu D., Dorn H.C., Balch A.L., “Isolation and
Structural Characterization of the Endohedral Fullerene Sc3N@C78,”
Angewandte Chemie 40 (7): 1223-1225 (2001).

17.  Olmstead M.H., de Bettencourt-Dias A., Duchamp J.C., Stevenson S., Dorn H.C., Balch A.L., “Isolation and Crystallographic
Characterization of ErSc2N@C80:  An Endohedral Fullerene Which Crystallizes with Remarkable Internal Order,”
Journal of the American Chemical Society, 122 (49): 12220-12226 (2000).

16.  Stevenson S., Fowler P.W., Heine T., Duchamp J.C., Rice G., Glass T., Harich K., Hajdu E., Bible R., Dorn H.C., “A Stable Non-
Classical Metallofullerene Family,”
Nature 408 (6811): 427-428 (2000)

15.  Anderson M.R., Dorn H.C., Stevenson S.A., “Making Connections Between Metallofullerenes and Fullerenes: Electrochemical
Investigations,”
Carbon 38 (11-12): 1663-1670 (2000)

14.  Stevenson S., Rice G., Glass T., Harich K., Cromer F., Jordan M.R., Craft J., Hadju E., Bible R., Olmstead M.M., Maitra K.,
Fisher A.J., Balch A.L., Dorn H.C., “Small-Bandgap Endohedral Metallofullerenes in High Yield and Purity,”
Nature 401 (6748): 55-
57 (
1999).

13.  Heflin J.R., Marciu D., Figura C., Wang S., Burbank P., Stevenson S., Dom H.C., “Enhanced Nonlinear Optical Response of
an Endohedral Metallofullerene Through Metal-to-Cage Charge Transfer,”
Applied Physics Letters 72 (22): 2788-2790 (1998).

12.  Stevenson S., Glass T., Dorn H.C., “C13 Dynamic Nuclear Polarization: an Alternative Detector for Recycled-Flow NMR
Experiments,”
Analytical Chemistry 70 (13): 2623-2628 (1998).

11.  Stevenson S., Burbank P., Harich K., Sun Z., Dorn H.C., van Loosdrecht P.H.M., deVries M.S., Salem J.R., Kiang C.H.,
Johnson R.D., Bethune D.S., “La2@C72: Metal-Mediated Stabilization of a Carbon Cage,” J
ournal of Physical Chemistry-A 102
(17): 2833-2837 (
1998).

10.  Anderson M.R., Dorn H.C., Stevenson S.A., Dana S.M., “The Voltammetry of C84 Isomers,”
Journal of Electroanalytical
Chemistry
444 (2): 151-154 (1998).

9.  Macfarlane R.M., Wittman G., van Loosdrecht P.H.M., deVries M., Bethune D.S., Stevenson S., Dorn H.C., “Measurement of Pair
Interactions and 1.5 μm Emission from Er3+ Ions in a C82 Fullerene Cage,”
Physical Review Letters 79 (7): 1397-1400 (1997).

8.  Grannan S.M., Birmingham J.T., Richards P.L., Bethune D.S., deVries M.S., vanLoosdrecht P.H.M., Dorn H.C., Burbank P.,
Bailey J., Stevenson S, “Far Infrared Transmittance of Sc2@C84 and Er2@C82,”
Chemical Physics Letters 264 (3-4): 359-365
(
1997).

7.  Anderson M.R., Dorn H.C., Stevenson S., Burbank P.M., Gibson J.R., “The Voltammetry of Sc3@C82,”
Journal of the American
Chemical Society
119 (2): 437-438 (1997).

6.  Kiang C.H., Van Loosdrecht P.H.M., Beyers R., Salem J.R., Bethune D.S., Goddard W.A., Dorn H.C., Burbank P., Stevenson S.,
“Novel structures from arc-vaporized carbon and metals: Single-Layer Carbon Nanotubes and Metallofullerenes,”
Surface Review and Letters 3 (1): 765-769 (1996).

5.  Van Loosdrecht P.H.M., Johnson R.D., DeVries M.S., Kiang C.H., Bethune D.S., Dorn H.C., Burbank P., Stevenson S.,
“Orientational Dynamics of the Sc3 Trimer in C82 – An EPR Study,”
Physical Review Letters 73 (25): 3415-3418 (1994).

4.  Stevenson S., Dorn H.C., “13C Dynamic Nuclear Polarization – A Detector for Continuous-Flow, Online Chromatography,”
Analytical Chemistry 66 (19): 2993-2999 (1994).

3.  Stevenson S., Dorn H.C., Burbank P., Harich K., Haynes J., Kiang C.H., Salem J.R., DeVries M.S., Van Loosdrecht P.H.M.,
Johnson R.D., Yannoni C.S., Bethune D.S., “Automated HPLC Separation of Endohedral Metallofullerene Sc@C2n and Y@C2n
Fractions,”
Analytical Chemistry 66 (17): 2675-2679 (1994).

2.  Stevenson S., Dorn H.C., Burbank P., Harich K., Sun Z., Kiang C.H., Salem J.R., DeVries M.S., Van Loosdrecht P.H.M., Johnson
R.D., Yannoni C.S., Bethune D.S., “Isolation and Monitoring of the Endohedral Metallofullerenes Y@C82 and Sc3@C82 - Online
Chromatographic Separation with EPR Detection,”
Analytical Chemistry 66 (17): 2680-2685 (1994).

1.  Beyers R., Kiang C.H., Johnson R.D., Salem J.R., DeVries M.S., Yannoni C.S., Bethune D.S., Dorn H.C., Burbank P., Harich K.,
Stevenson S., “Preparation and Structure of the Metallofullerene Sc2@C84,”
Nature 370 (6486): 196-199 (1994).
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